Of the past, current, and future influences on what the Panama City crayfish needs for long term viability, the largest threats to the future viability of the species relate to habitat loss and degradation from factors influencing water quality, water quantity and availability of suitable habitat. All of these factors are influenced by human actions and climate change. We did not assess overutilization for scientific purposes or disease, because these risks do not appear to be occurring at a level that affects Panama City crayfish populations. Because of the small changes in habitat due to climate change, we did not assess this further, and thus, habitat loss, fragmentation, and degradation due to urban development are carried forward in the next chapter in our assessment of the future conditions of Panama City crayfish populations and the viability of the species overall.